Effectiveness of cognitive restructuring technique to reduce academic pracrastination of vocational high school students

Wahyu Nanda Eka Saputra(1),
(1) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia

Corresponding Author

DOI : https://doi.org/10.23916/002017025510

Full Text:    Language : en


Academic procrastination is a serious problem among student. Academic procrastination refers to delaying in doing assignments and preparing for examinations until the last period of examination time and submission date of assignments. To solve this problem we could use cognitive restructuring technique. The purposes of this research are to gain the description of academic procrastination decrease by implementing the cognitive restructuring technique. This research used a single subject research as the research design. The type of the single subject research which used in this research is multiple baselines. The result of this research shows that academic procrastination had significant decrease by implementation the cognitive restructuring technique. This research gives advice for two parts. First, it will be better if counselor implement the cognitive restructuring technique to decreasing academic procrastination. Second, it will be better if stakeholder of school gives support to counselor for implementation the cognitive restructuring technique to decrease academic procrastination.


Academic Procrastination, Cognitive Restructuring Technique


Akinsola, M. K., Tella, A. & Tella, A. (2007). Correlates of Academic Procrastination and Mathematics Achievement of University Undergraduate Students. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 3 (4): 363-370.

Allain, G. B., & Lemieux, C. M. (2007). Cognitive Behavior Therapy with Children and Adolescents. Dalam Ronen & Freeman (Ed), Cognitive Behavior Therapy in Clinical Social Work Practice (hlm. 213-234). New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Balkis, M., Duru, E., & Bulus, M. (2013). Analysis of the Relation Between Academic Procrastination, Academic Rational/Irrational Beliefs, Time Preferences to Study for Exams, and Academic Achievement: A Structural Model. Euro Journal Psychology Education, 28: 825-839.

Carolia, F., Yusuf, U., & Yanuvianti, M. (2012). Profil Perilaku Prokrastinasi Akademik Berbasis Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) pada Mahasiswa. Jurnal Psikologi Proyeksi, 7 (1): 79-86.

Chow, H. P. H. (2011). Procrastination Among Undergraduate Students: Effects of Emotional Intelligence, School Life, Self-Evaluation, and Self Efficacy. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 57 (2): 234-240.

Chow, H. P. H. (2011). Procrastination Among Undergraduate Students: Effects of Emotional Intelligence, School Life, Self-Evaluation, and Self Efficacy. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 57 (2): 234-240.

Coermir, S., Nurius, P. S., & Osborn, C. J. (2009). Interviewing and Change Strategies for Helpers: Fundamental Skills and Cognitive Behavioral Interventions. USA: Brooks/Cole.

Corey, G. (2009). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. Belmont: Thomson Brooks/Cole.

Creswell, J. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Boston: Peason Education.

Ekennia, C. C., Otta, F. E., & Ogbuokiri, N. P. (2013). Effect of Cognitive Restructuring Technique and Multi-Component Therapies in the Management of Nocturnal Enuresis Among Junior Secondary Schools. Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education, 2 (4): 36-45.

Ellis, A. (2000). Can Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) Be Effectively Used With People Who Have Devout Beliefs in God and Religion?. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 31 (1): 29-33.

Flett, G. L., Stainton, M., Hewitt, P. L., Sherry, S. B., & Lay. C. (2012). Procrastination Automatic Thoughts as a Personality Construct: An Analysis of the Procrastinatory Cognitions Inventory. Journal Rational Emotive Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 1-14.

Hope, D. A., Burns, J. A., Hayes, S. A., Herbert, J. D., & Warner, M. D. (2010). Automatic Thoughts and Cognitive Restructuring in Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34: 1-12.

Jiao, Q. C., DaRos-Voseles, D. A., Collins, K. M. T., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2011). Academic Procrastination and the Performance of Graduate-Level Cooperative Groups in Research Methods Courses. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 11 (1): 119-138.

Lodico, M. G., Spaulding, D. T., & Voegtle K. H. (2010). Methods in Educational Research: from Theory to Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Marcello, S. C., Hilton-Lerro, K., & Mueser, K. T. (2009). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Persons With Psychotic Disorders. Clinical Case Studies, 8 (6): 438-453.

Michinov, N., Brunot, S., Le Bohec, O., Juhel, J., & Delaval, M. (2011). Procrastination, Participation, and Performance in Online Learning Environments. Computers & Education, 56: 243-252.

Popoola, B. I. (2005). A Study of Procrastinatory Behaviour and Academic Performance of Undergraduate Students in South Western Nigeria. Journal od Social Science, 11 (3): 215-218.

Robertson, D. (2000). REBT, Philosophy and Philosophical Counselling, (Online), (http://www.practical-philosophy.org.uk), diakses 12 january 2017.

Rosenberg, H. J., Jankowski, M. K, Fortuna, L. R., Rosenberg, S. D., & Mueser, K. T. (2011). A Pilot Study of a Cognitive Restructuring Program for Treating Posttraumatic Disorders in Adolescents. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 3 (1): 94-99.

Savithri, J. J. (2014). Interactive Effect of Academic Procrastination and Academic Performance on Life Satisfaction. International Journal of Science and Research, 3 (3): 377-381.

Solomon, L. J., & Rothblum, E. D. (1984). Academic Procrastination: Frequency and Cognitive-Behavioral Correlates. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31 (4): 503-509.

Steel, P., Brothen T., & Wambach, C. (2000). Procrastination and Personality, Performance, and Mood. Personality and Individual Differences, 30 (1): 95-106.

Tice, D. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (1997). Longitudinal Study of Procrastination, Performance, Stress, and Health: the Cost and Benefits of Dawdling. Psychological Science, 8: 454-458.

Turner, R., & Napolitano, S. M. S. (2010). Cognitive Behavioral Thrapy (CBT). Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology, 226-229.

Utaminingsih, S., & Setyabudi, S. (2012). Tipe Kepribadian dan Prokrastinasi Akademik pada Siswa SMA ”X” Tangerang. Jurnal Psikologi, 10 (1): 48-57.

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 1474 times
 PDF Downloaded : 870 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.